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11 Cognitive Psychology: Module 21
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Module 21: Problem Solving Same place, different day. Perry is sitting at his desk again, staring at a blank document in front of him, while nervously playing with a pen in his right hand. Just a few hours left to hand in his essay, and he has not written a word. He rubs his fingers against his temple and mutters, "I need a plan!" That thing Perry is confronted with is something many of us encounters in his daily life. He has a problem, and he does not really know how to solve it. But what exactly is a problem? Are there strategies to solve problems? These are just a few of the questions we want to answer in this chapter.

Subject:
Psychology
Social and Behavioral Sciences
Material Type:
Module
Author:
Collin Scarince
Date Added:
06/28/2023
12 Cognitive Psychology: Module 22
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Module 22: Judgment and Reasoning No matter which public topic you discuss or which personal aspect you worry about – you need reasons for your opinion and argumentation. Moreover, the ability of reasoning is responsible for your cognitive features of decision making and choosing among alternatives. Everyone uses these two abilities in everyday life to the utmost. Let us, therefore, consider one more scene of Perry's life: It is again a rainy afternoon and Perry is tired of observing the black crows in his garden and decides to escape from the shabby weather and spend his mid-semester break in Mexico. Perry has never been to Mexico before and is pretty excited. He will leave the next day; thus, he begins packing his bag. The crucial things first: some underwear, some socks, a pair of pajamas and his wash bag with a toothbrush, shampoo, soap, sunscreen, and bug spray. But, Perry cannot find the bug spray until his friend, Terry, tells him that he lost it and will buy him a new bottle. Terry advises Perry to take an umbrella for the way to the corner store as it is raining outside before he turns back to his packing task. But what did he already pack into his bag? Immediately, he remembers and continues, packing his clothing into the bag, considering that each piece fits another one and finally his iPod as he exclusively listens to music with this device. Since he is going on somewhere warm, Perry specifically packs shorts and T-Shirts into his bag. After approximately half an hour, he is finally convinced that he has done everything necessary for having some fine holidays. Using Perry's vacation preparation, we will explain the basic principles of reasoning and decision making.

Subject:
Psychology
Social and Behavioral Sciences
Material Type:
Module
Author:
Collin Scarince
Date Added:
06/28/2023
12 Cognitive Psychology: Module 23
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Module 23: Decision Making According to the different levels of consequences, each process of making a decision requires appropriate effort and various aspects to be considered. The following excerpt from the story about Perry makes this obvious: “After considering facts like the warm weather in Mexico and shirts and shorts being much more comfortable in this case (information gathering and likelihood estimation) Perry reasons that he needs them for his vacation. In consequence, he finally makes the decision to pack mainly shirts and shorts in his bag (final act of choosing).” Now it seems like there cannot be any decision making without previous reasoning, but that is not true. Of course, there are situations in which someone decides to do something spontaneously, with no time to reason about it. We will not go into detail here, but you might think about questions like "Why do we choose one or another option in that case?"

Subject:
Psychology
Social and Behavioral Sciences
Material Type:
Module
Author:
Collin Scarince
Date Added:
06/28/2023
The 6th Eviction
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Renters play an important role as policy actors in urban structure. This text calls for a closer examination of renters as policy actors in Kitsilano, Vancouver, a gentrified neighbourhood with a critical housing shortage. AFFORDABLE-HOUSING INITIATIVES AND RENTERS’ RIGHTS artwork courtesy of Graham White.

Subject:
Cultural Geography
Social and Behavioral Sciences
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
British Columbia/Yukon Open Authoring Platform
Author:
Cheryl-lee Madden
Date Added:
07/11/2021
Abnormal Language, Fall 2004
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Introduction to the linguistic study of language pathology, concentrating on experimental approaches and theoretical explanations. Discussion of Specific Language Impairment, autism, Down syndrome, Williams syndrome, normal aging, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, hemispherectomy and aphasia. Focuses on the comparison of linguistic abilities among these syndromes, while drawing clear comparisons with first and second language acquisition. Topics include the lexicon, morphology, syntax, semantics and pragmatics. Relates the lost linguistic abilities in these syndromes to properties of the brain.

Subject:
Linguistics
Psychology
Social and Behavioral Sciences
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
MIT
Provider Set:
MIT OpenCourseWare
Author:
Hirsch, Christopher
Wexler, Kenneth
Date Added:
01/01/2004
Abnormal Psychology
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Abnormal Psychology is an Open Education Resource written by Alexis Bridley, Ph.D. and Lee W. Daffin Jr., Ph.D. through Washington State University which tackles the difficult topic of mental disorders in 15 modules. After the first three foundational modules, a discussion of mental disorders ensues to include depressive, anxiety, personality, schizophrenic, eating, and obsessive-compulsive to name a few.

Subject:
Psychology
Social and Behavioral Sciences
Material Type:
Textbook
Author:
Lee W. Daffin Jr.
Alexis Bridley
Date Added:
11/10/2020
Abnormal Psychology
Unrestricted Use
CC BY
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This course is designed to provide an engaging and personally relevant overview of the discipline of Abnormal Psychology. You will examine the cognitive and behavioral patterns which impair personal effectiveness and adjustment. Students will provide much of the substantive content and teaching presence in this course. Additional content has been curated from "The Noba Project (http://nobaproject.com/)" and "Abnormal Psychology: An e-text! (http://abnormalpsych.wikispaces.com/).

Subject:
Psychology
Social and Behavioral Sciences
Material Type:
Textbook
Unit of Study
Provider:
Achieving the Dream
Author:
Bill Pelz
Herkimer Community College
Date Added:
04/25/2021
Abnormal Psychology
Unrestricted Use
CC BY
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This course is designed to provide an engaging and personally relevant overview of the discipline of Abnormal Psychology. You will examine the cognitive and behavioral patterns which impair personal effectiveness and adjustment. Students will provide much of the substantive content and teaching presence in this course. Additional content has been curated from "The Noba Project (http://nobaproject.com/)" and "Abnormal Psychology: An e-text! (http://abnormalpsych.wikispaces.com/).
Openly-licensed course materials developed for the Open Educational Resources (OER) Degree Initiative, led by Achieving the Dream. https://courses.lumenlearning.com/catalog/achievingthedream

Subject:
Psychology
Social and Behavioral Sciences
Material Type:
Full Course
Homework/Assignment
Syllabus
Textbook
Provider:
Lumen Learning
Author:
Bill Pelz
Date Added:
08/13/2020
Abnormal Psychology – FSCJ
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CC BY
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This course is designed to provide an engaging and personally relevant overview of the discipline of Abnormal Psychology. You will examine the cognitive and behavioral patterns which impair personal effectiveness and adjustment. Students will provide much of the substantive content and teaching presence in this course. Additional content has been curated from "The Noba Project (http://nobaproject.com/)" and "Abnormal Psychology: An e-text! (http://abnormalpsych.wikispaces.com/).

Subject:
Psychology
Social and Behavioral Sciences
Material Type:
Textbook
Author:
Bill Pelz
Date Added:
06/03/2021
Accountability and Repairing Relationships: Training and Facilitation Guide
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A workshop and facilitation guide to support B.C. post-secondary institutions to prevent and respond to sexual violence and misconduct. Accountability and Repairing Relationships is a series of four 90-minute workshops for individuals who have been informed that they have caused harm in the context of sexual violence. Designed for one-on-one or small group facilitation, learners are guided through information and reflection activities that help them recognize the harm they have caused, learn how to be accountable, and develop the skills needed to build better relationships and support a safe and healthy campus. (The slide deck that accompanies this resource can be downloaded from the Introduction).

Subject:
Social Work
Social and Behavioral Sciences
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
BCcampus
Author:
Sexual Violence Training Development Team
Date Added:
05/14/2021
Accounting profit vs economic profit
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A rational agent considers both accounting profit and economic profit. In this video, see an example highlighting the difference between accounting profit and economic profit from a business and a discussion of explicit and implicit costs of operating a business.

Subject:
Economics
Social and Behavioral Sciences
Material Type:
Lesson
Provider:
Khan Academy
Provider Set:
Khan Academy
Author:
Sal Khan
Date Added:
08/10/2021
Active Bystander Intervention: Training and Facilitation Guide
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CC BY
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A workshop and facilitation guide to support B.C. post-secondary institutions to prevent and respond to sexual violence and misconduct. Active Bystander Intervention is a 90-minute workshop for all members of the campus community: students, faculty, administrators, and staff. This training helps learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to recognize and intervene in an incident of sexual violence as well as discuss strategies for creating a safer campus community. Uses the 4D’s (Direct, Distract, Delegate, Delay) Active Bystander Intervention Model. (The slide deck that accompanies this resource can be downloaded from the Introduction.)

Subject:
Social Work
Social and Behavioral Sciences
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
BCcampus
Author:
Sexual Violence Training Development Team
Date Added:
06/04/2021
Adding demand curves
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In this video we explore how to derive the demand for a factor of production based on how productive that factor is and how much additional revenue that factor brings in. Created by Sal Khan.

Subject:
Economics
Social and Behavioral Sciences
Material Type:
Lesson
Provider:
Khan Academy
Provider Set:
Khan Academy
Author:
Sal Khan
Date Added:
08/10/2021
Adjustable rate mortgages ARMs
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Explore the mechanics of adjustable rate mortgages (ARM) in this video, including how they work and in what situation an ARM might be advantageous and when it might work against you.

Subject:
Economics
Social and Behavioral Sciences
Material Type:
Lesson
Provider:
Khan Academy
Provider Set:
Khan Academy
Author:
Sal Khan
Date Added:
08/10/2021
Advanced Animal Behavior, Spring 2000
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Reviews selected issues including learning, cognition, perception, foraging and feeding, migration and navigation, defense, and social activities including conflict, collaboration, courtship and reproduction, and communication. The interacting contributions of environment and heredity are examined and the approaches of psychology, ethology, and ecology to this area of study are treated. The relation of human behavior patterns to those of nonhuman animals is explored. Additional readings and a paper are required for graduate credit.

Subject:
Biology
Life Science
Psychology
Social and Behavioral Sciences
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
MIT
Provider Set:
MIT OpenCourseWare
Author:
Schneider, Gerald
Date Added:
01/01/2000
Advanced Macroeconomics I, Fall 2012
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This course is an advanced course in macroeconomics that seeks to bring students to the research frontier. The course is divided into two sections. The first half is taught by Prof. Iv‡n Werning and covers topics such as how to formulate and solve optimal problems. Students will study fiscal and monetary policy, among other issues. The second half, taught by Prof. George-Marios Angeletos, covers recent work on multiple equilibria, global games, and informational fictions.

Subject:
Economics
Social and Behavioral Sciences
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
MIT
Provider Set:
MIT OpenCourseWare
Author:
George-Marios Angeletos
Ivˆn Werning
Date Added:
01/01/2012
Advanced Macroeconomics II, Spring 2007
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Topics change from year to year. Most recent topics include: optimal fiscal and monetary policy; optimal capital taxation; time inconsistency and incentive incompatibility of optimal policies; redistribution and political economics; heterogeneous agents and incomplete markets; Real Business Cycle models and new-keynesian models; endogenous growth; aggregate fluctuations and propagation mechanisms; recursive methods and robust control in macro.

Subject:
Economics
Social and Behavioral Sciences
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
MIT
Provider Set:
MIT OpenCourseWare
Author:
Lorenzoni, Guido
Date Added:
01/01/2007