Author:
Kris Seago
Subject:
Government/Political Science
Material Type:
Full Course
Level:
Academic Lower Division
Provider:
Austin Community College
Tags:
ACC Liberal Arts, ACC OER
License:
Creative Commons Attribution
Language:
English
Media Formats:
Text/HTML

Course Inventories

Demographic Composition of the Texas State Legislature

Overview

Demographic Composition of the Texas State Legislature

Learning Objective

At the end of this section, you will be able to:

  • Discuss the demographic composition of the Texas House of Representatives and the Texas Senate

Introduction

This section describes the demgraphic composition of the Texas House of Representatives and the Texas Senate

General Description: Pale, Male, and Stale

It’s often been said the Texas State Legislature is “pale, male, and stale.” This may not be quite as accurate as in the past, but the Texas State Legislature is predominantly white, male, and middle-aged, making it far less diverse than Texas as a whole.

Descriptive data on the composition of the Texas State Legislature is available at the Legislative Reference Library.

Partisan Makeup

The Republican Party controls both the Texas State House of Representatives and the Texas State Senate:

The Texas State House of Representatives currently has 83 Republicans and 67 Democrats.

The Texas State Senate currently has 18 Republicans and 13 Democrats.

 

Texas Senate Seats
Figure 3.8 Seat diagram of the Texas Senate as of January 2021 (87th Legislative Session). Image credit: Basil the Bat Lord, License: CC-BY-SA-4.0

 

 

Texas House Seating
Figure 3.9 Seat diagram of the Texas House as of January 2021 (87th Legislative Session). Image Credit: Basil the Bat Lord, License: CC-BY-SA-4.0

 

Gender Makeup

The Texas State Legislature is predominantly male. Although their overall count is growing, women remain incredibly outnumbered in the 87th Texas Legislature— just 48 of 181 seats in the House and Senate are currently held by women.

Approximately 25% of the Texas State House of Representatives is female (112 males, 38 females)

Approximately 32% of the Texas State Senate is female (21 males, 10 females)

Taken together, only 27% of the total membership of the Texas State Legislature is female (48 of 181 total members).

Notably, with the addition of Democrats Julie Johnson, Jessica González, and Erin Zwiener to the 86th Legislature in 2019, the number of legislators who identify as members of the LGBT community increased from two to five.

 

Texas women make their mark in the 2019 Legislature (Ep. 7)

 

Age Distribution

Description

House Members

Senate Members

Total

Under 30

0

0

0

30 - 39 

16 

0

16

40 - 49 

43

1

44

50 - 59 

44

15

59

60 - 69 

29

7

36

70 and over

17

8

2

Licenses and Attributions

CC LICENSED CONTENT, ORIGINAL

Revision and Adaptation. Authored by: Kris S. Seago. License: CC BY: Attribution

Revision and Adaptation: Composition of Texas Legislature. Authored by: John Osterman. License: CC BY: Attribution