Author:
Kris Seago
Subject:
Government/Political Science
Material Type:
Full Course
Level:
Academic Lower Division
Provider:
Austin Community College
Tags:
  • ACC Liberal Arts
  • ACC OER
  • License:
    Creative Commons Attribution
    Language:
    English
    Media Formats:
    Text/HTML

    Glossary

    Overview

    Glossary

    Glossary: Elections and Campaigns in Texas

    blanket primary: A primary in which the ballot is not restricted to candidates from one party

    campaign: the eorts of candidates to secure positions in the government or the eorts to get policy matters adopted

    caucus: a form of candidate nomination that occurs in a town-hall style format rather than a day-long election; usually reserved for presidential elections

    closed primary: a primary election in which only registered members of a particular political party can vote.

    coattail eect: the result when a popular presidential candidate helps candidates from his or her party win their own elections

    delegates: party members who are chosen to represent a particular candidate at the party’s state- or national-level nominating convention

    district system: the means by which electoral votes are divided between candidates based on who wins districts and/or the state

    election: the process by which government ocials are selected and matters of policy are determined

    electoral college: the constitutionally created group of individuals, chosen by the states, with the responsibility of formally selecting the next U.S. president

    general election: the election in which voters cast ballots to select public ocials

    gerrymandering: the drawing of district lines to guarantee a desired electoral outcome

    incumbency advantage: the advantage held by oceholders that allows them to often win reelection

    incumbent: the current holder of a political oce

    midterm elections: the congressional elections that occur in the even-numbered years between presidential election years, in the middle of the president’s term

    nonpartisan blanket primary. A primary in which the ballot is not restricted to candidates from one party, where the top two candidates advance to the general election regardless of party aliation

    open primary: a primary election in which any registered voter can participate in the contest, regardless of party aliation

    platform: the set of issues important to the political party and the party delegates

    political action committees (PACs): organizations created to raise money for political campaigns and spend money to influence policy and politics

    primary election: a ballot vote in which citizens select a party's nominee for the general election

    Raiding: occurs when voters of one party cross over and vote in the primary of another party, eectively allowing a party to help choose its opposition’s candidate.

    runo primary: a second primary election held between the two candidates who received the most votes in the primary election if no candidate in the first primary election had received a majority

    shadow campaign: a campaign run by political action committees and other organizations without the coordination of the candidate

    special elections: an election that is not held on a regularly scheduled basis. In

    Texas, a special election is called to ratify amendments to the Texas Constitution, fill a vacancy in a public oce, or give approval for the state government to borrow money.

    straight-ticket voting: the practice of voting only for candidates from the same party

    super PACs: ocially known as Independent Expenditure-Only Committees; organizations that can fundraise and spend as they please to support or attack a candidate but not contribute directly to a candidate or strategize with a candidate’s campaign

    top-two primary: a primary election in which the two candidates with the most votes, regardless of party, become the nominees for the general election

    winner-take-all system: all electoral votes for a state are given to the candidate who wins the most votes in that state

    References and Further Reading

    Hershey, Marjorie Randon (2007). Party Politics in America 12th ed. Longman Classics in Political Science. Pages 110-111

    Licensing and Attribution

    CC LICENSED CONTENT, ORIGINAL

    Elections and Campaigns in Texas: Glossary. Authored by: John Osterman. License: CC BY: Attribution.