The Evolution of Bloom's Taxonomy


  1. Bloom, B. S.; Engelhart, M. D.; Furst, E. J.; Hill, W. H.; Krathwohl, D. R. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives: The classification of educational goals. Handbook I: Cognitive domain. New York: David McKay Company.
  2. Simpson, Elizabeth J. (1966). The classification of educational objectives: Psychomotor domain. Illinois Journal of Home Economics. 10 (4): 110–144.
  3. Dave, R. H. (1975). Armstrong, R. J. (ed.). Developing and writing behavioral objectives. Tucson: Educational Innovators Press.
  4. Clark, Donald R. (1999). Bloom's Taxonomy of Learning Domains. Retrieved 28 Jan2014.
  5. Armstrong, Patricia. (2010). Bloom’s Taxonomy. Vanderbilt University Center for Teaching. Retrieved 7/30/2021 from .
  6. Simpson, Elizabeth (1972). Educational objectives in the psychomotor domain. 3. Washington, D.C.: Gryphon House: 25–30.
  7. Paul, R. (1993). Critical thinking: what every person needs to survive in a rapidly changing world (3rd ed.). Rohnert Park, California: Sonoma State University Press.
  8. Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). “Chapter 6: Interaction between learning and development.” Mind in society: the development of higher psychological processes. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. pp. 79–91.
  9. Keene, Judith; Colvin, John; Sissons, Justine (June 2010) [2010]. Mapping student information literacy activity against Bloom's taxonomy of cognitive skills". Journal of Information Literacy. 4 (1): 6–21. doi:10.11645/4.1.189
  10. Newton, Philip M.; Da Silva, Ana; Peters, Lee George (10 July 2020). "A pragmatic master list of action verbs for Bloom's taxonomy". Frontiers in Education. 5. doi:10.3389/feduc.2020.00107.
  11. BJ Jansen, D Booth, B Smith (2009) Using the taxonomy of cognitive learning to model online searching, Information Processing & Management 45 (6), 643-663
  12. Anderson, Lorin W., David R. Krathwohl, and Benjamin S. Bloom. A Taxonomy for Learning, Teaching, and Assessing: a Revision of Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives / Editors, Lorin W. Anderson, David Krathwohl; Contributors, Peter W. Airasian ... [et Al.]. Complete ed. New York: Longman, 2001.