Aquatic Biomes

Free Response

Scientists have discovered the bodies of humans and other living things buried in bogs for hundreds of years, but not yet decomposed. Suggest a possible biological explanation for why such bodies are so well-preserved.

Hint:

Bogs are low in oxygen and high in organic acids. The low oxygen content and the low pH both slow the rate of decomposition.

Describe the conditions and challenges facing organisms living in the intertidal zone.

Hint:

Organisms living in the intertidal zone must tolerate periodic exposure to air and sunlight and must be able to be periodically dry. They also must be able to endure the pounding waves; for this reason, some shoreline organisms have hard exoskeletons that provide protection while also reducing the likelihood of drying out.