The Structure of the Texas Prison System


Texas has the largest number of incarcerated adults of the fifty states. This section examines the Texas prison structure.

The Huntsville Unit in Huntsville TX
Figure 12.2 Texas State Penitentiary at Huntsville. Nicknamed "Walls Unit", the Huntsville Unit (HV) is operated by the Correctional Institutions Division of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ). The facility is the oldest Texas state prison, opened in 1849. HV houses the execution chamber for the State of Texas. It is the most active execution chamber in the United States, with 563 (as of September 4, 2019) executions since 1982, when the death penalty was reinstated in Texas. Image credit: Nick DiFonzo


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