Glossary: Public Policy in Texas

distributive policy: a policy that collects payments or resources broadly but concentrates direct benefits on relatively few

domestic policy: policies focused on the citizens of the U.S. and their well being

entitlement: a program that guarantees benefits to members of a specific group or segment of the population

Gilmer-Aikin Laws: education reform legislation passed in 1949 that supplemented local funding of education with public monies, raised teachers' salaries, mandated a minimum length for the school year, and provided for more state supervision of public education

gun control: the set of laws or policies that regulate the manufacture, sale, transfer, possession, modification, or use of firearms by civilians

gun rights: "the right to bear arms" is a person's right to possess weapons for their own defense

HCERA: The Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 combines revised portions of the Patient Protection and Aordable Care Act with the Student Aid and Fiscal Responsibility Act (SAFRA), which amends the Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA). The HCERA was signed into law by President Barack Obama on March 30, 2010 at Northern Virginia Community College.

libertarians: people who believe that government almost always operates less eciently than the private sector and that its actions should be kept to a minimum

Medicaid: a federal and state program financing medical services for low-income citizens

Medicare: an entitlement health insurance program for older people and retirees who no longer get health insurance through their work

New Deal: President Franklin D. Roosevelt's 1930s programs to stimulate the national economy and provide relief to victims of the Great Depression

policy analysts: people who identify all possible choices available to a decision-maker and assess the potential impact of each

 policy advocates: people who actively work to propose or maintain public policy

public policy: the broad strategy government uses to do its job; the relatively stable set of purposive governmental behaviors that address matters of concern to some part of society

public policy approach: a comprehensive method for studying the process through which issues come to the attention of government decision-makers, and through which policies are formulated, adopted, implemented and evaluated.

redistributive policy: a policy in which costs are born by a relatively small number of groups or individuals, but benefits are expected to be enjoyed by a dierent group in society

regulatory policy: a policy that regulates companies and organizations in a way that protects the public

safety net: a way to provide for members of society experiencing economic hardship

Social Security: a social welfare policy for people who no longer receive an income from employment