Glossary: Introduction to Texas History and Politics
alcalde: a Mexican oﬃcial who often served as combined civil administrator, judge, and law enforcement oﬃcer
cash crop: a crop grown to sell rather than for the farmer's sole use.
cotton boom: the huge increase in cotton production that occurred in the U.S. following the War of 1812.
empresario: a person who brought new settlers to Texas in exchange for a grant of land
individualistic political culture: the belief that government should limit its role to providing order in society so that citizens can pursue their economic self-interests.
mestizo: people of mixed Indian and European ancestry
moralistic political culture: the belief that government should be active in promoting the public good and that citizens should participate in politics and civic activities to ensure that good.
Tejanos: Mexican residents of Texas
traditionalistic political culture: the belief that government should be dominated by political elites and guided by tradition