Glossary

Glossary: Introduction to Texas History and Politics

alcalde: a Mexican ocial who often served as combined civil administrator, judge, and law enforcement ocer

cash crop: a crop grown to sell rather than for the farmer's sole use.

cotton boom: the huge increase in cotton production that occurred in the U.S. following the War of 1812.

empresario: a person who brought new settlers to Texas in exchange for a grant of land

individualistic political culture: the belief that government should limit its role to providing order in society so that citizens can pursue their economic self-interests.

mestizo: people of mixed Indian and European ancestry

moralistic political culture: the belief that government should be active in promoting the public good and that citizens should participate in politics and civic activities to ensure that good.

Tejanos: Mexican residents of Texas

traditionalistic political culture: the belief that government should be dominated by political elites and guided by tradition

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